Flip 1 bundle over and most have directions and pic.s on back. Stack pipes, vents and chimneys are surrounded with metal flashing laid over tar. You can run another course or row of shingles folded across the ridge to equally cover both sides of the roof slopes so no nails are exposed. Roofing Contractor & Maintenance Professional. These are just some of the best tips to install vinyl siding. Install the starter strip, which is just a backing for the first visible row of shingles. Install a continuous starter strip or full-sized shingles, which are simply turned … Shingles should be interlaced with this flashing, which is usually cemented and nailed-down under upper shingles, but over the shingles on the sides. It's important to make sure you are working on a straight course and pre-planned layout. Align the lower edge … Six nails are preferred for areas that experience wind. % of people told us that this article helped them. For the kind of shingles you purchase there may be a special starter row of shingles or a roll of strip material that you cut to the length of your roof. Make sure you measure the roof’s span, which is the measurement from the exterior of one wall plate to the exterior of the opposite wall plate. Yes. Do this on both sides of the roof. A half tab off for your first course shingles, A full tab for your second course shingles. Always follow the manufacturer's instructions included with your shingles. How do you start the first six rows of shingles when the edge in not square but a hip angle? An asphalt shingle roof is a valuable part of your home. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Renewing your roof cannot only help with energy efficiency but it can provide a sense of safety for your family and improve your home's curb appeal. They are used on more colonial Spanish-type homes. Step one in any roofing project is always safety first. Install a Starter Strip. For more tips about how to lay shingles from our General Contractor reviewer, including how to use an alternating pattern, keep reading! Apply the first shingle over the starter strip at the chalk line. Next, lay the first full row of shingles so they're directly covering the starter row. ", "I learned the concept of racking, both the good and the bad aspects of it. Adequate planning, adherence to safety measures, and the use of the right tools will help you achieve a successful outcome. The average homeowner installing architectural asphalt shingles on a 1,500-square-foot roof will pay between $6,000 and $14,00… Continue laying down shingles … If possible, have a partner work with you when laying shingles. If a nail hits a crack or hole in wood deck, it can and will work up over time, through the shingle above, and then appear sticking up through a 1/4 inch (approx 6.5mm) hole, in the roofing causing a leak. I used three-tab shingles for two of the methods and laminated shingles for the other two. It depends on the type and the exposer of shingle, it's usually written on the bundle. Apply one layer of underlayment over the metal drip at the eaves. Need Help? By using our site, you agree to our. Do I need to underlay before installing shingles? It shields you, your family and your possessions from the elements. If the nail gun is firing too deeply, almost mashing through the shingles, then the nails will soon pull through and come loose. Finish the courses with full shingles, working from the eaves up Refer to the illustration of how to continue laying the shingles. If you hit a stack, vent, or chimney, interlace the shingles with the flashing to allow water to run down the roof. When laying the shingles for the top row, cut 6 inches (15.2 centimeters) from the first shingle in the left corner of the roof using the utility knife. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Bring a trash can up on the roof so you have a place to throw old shingles and flashing. Start the 7th row with a full shingle, and then begin shortening the first shingles in 6-inch increments again. But many homeowners don’t know much about shingles, and, in fact, very few homeowners ever touch or handle an asphalt shingle. Always install flashing around a chimney and other valleys where two roof planes meet as these areas are more prone to leaks if not protected. This guide will teach you how to shingle a roof safely in just a few steps. Consider other items such as safety glasses, a vest and work boots when you are gathering your roofing supplies. How-to install a new asphalt shingle roof in one weekend. Professional and licensed contractors adhere to safety practices. Doing it properly will keep you without problems for 20 or 40 years. Lay the joist from one wall plate to the other and use a spirit level on it. Repeat this on both sides of the roof. Starting at the bottom of the roof, map out a guideline with chalk. Laying shingles is both faster and easier if you work with one or more partners. Go to H.Depot/ Lowes/ Any Hardware that sells Shingles. These pieces act as a weather-proofing and protective barrier between your house and the elements, helping keep water and cold temperatures out. Keep in mind that safety should always be your first priority when it comes to doing any construction work on a roof. For asphalt shingles, aluminum flashings are recommended. Run the row of starter shingles 1/2 in. © 2000-2020 Home Depot Product Authority, LLC. Roll out 3 feet of the roof starter roll at one corner of the lower edge of the roof. Begin with starter shingles. When installing the paper, you will overlap the felt paper per local building code (Usually 2”- … Cut your last shingle on each row to size, repeating all the way to the ridge. David Bitan is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner and founder of Bumble Roofing based in Southern California. Trim the first shingle of every row so it is 6 inches shorter than the first shingle of the previous row. Please call us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT (1-800-466-3337), Please enter in your email address in the following format: you@domain.com. These are laminate asphalt shingles made from a fibreglass mat, thicker and very wind-resistant. This is by far, the very best. Sweep the roof clean, removing any nails and debris left behind. Keeping a solid roofing layer of shingles is an important way to avoid water damage and leaks. Safety first at all times. Be mindful of the proper nailing technique so that your nails always hold the top edge of the course beneath it. It stops water … This is so water will run down the roof but not under the interlacing. Working at heights on a roof presents fall … Then, your first shingle goes on the side you are going to cut. This article was co-authored by David Bitan. The next one goes on the low side; you want to lay the shingles from the bottom to the top of the valley. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Before you begin, be sure to stock up on safety gear. Basically, you'll cut off one-half tab-width of the first tab to start the first course, changing the necessary area to fill with each row, shifting the "slots." Almost 75 percent of roof leaks occur in valleys where two roof planes meet, or at chimneys or other roof penetrations, so be sure to install roof flashing in these areas prior to the start of the installation. The course explains how to install the drip edge metal. This type of shingles are quite expensive. unlocking this expert answer. Cut the last ridge shingle to the length you need, but be sure that no part of the roof is exposed. "I've looked at various articles on how to apply shingles. Begin by removing the shingles using a roofing shovel. For example: Hammer one nail about 2 inches from each end of a shingle. For stacks and vents, have the bottom 2 or 3 rows that meet the flashing go under it, while the upper rows go over the flashing. Laminated shingles let you start in the valley and work outward, which can be … 1.5 tabs off of your third course shingles, For your fifth course, cut off half of the final tab. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/a9\/Lay-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Lay-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/a9\/Lay-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/aid1169300-v4-728px-Lay-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Measure your roof so you can be sure you buy the right amount of shingles. If it isn't there, contact the retailer or even the manufacturer for the precise details. Place a whole shingle next to it. Place the glue strip along the rake edge and drip edge. ", "It taught me how to do shingles. Racking shingles sometimes also may create a condition called "pattern curling," where the shingles curl and blow in the wind, at the places where the racked columns join, because of lifting the end of a shingle to place the next shingle and lifting the end high enough to nail the next shingle underneath each of the overlapping shingles. All Rights Reserved. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. Use the chalk line to snap a straight line vertically every 6 inches. This is with a 15-year-old roof and 110F summer temps. Flashed open valleys may be more durable and water resistant than blind alleys, in which the shingles overlap from one plane to the other and cover the valley. The meta… ". They come Packaged in paper or plastic wrap. Repair Broken Shingles. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Put Safety First Should the plastic be removed on the shingles? With the proper equipment and know-how, you will be able to complete your shingling jobs without wasting money or time. What are the measurements on the chalk line marks? Snap a vertical chalk line from the inside edge of the first shingle on the second row to the top of the roof, and from the inside edge of the first shingle to the top of the roof. Lay One Starter Shingle As you continue, follow the pattern of lining a full shingle up against the next and nailing it into place. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. ", "I never knew to cut off the first row before laying it in place. Use of this site is subject to certain Terms Of Use. Continue to chalk additional guidelines based on the width of the shingle through at least four courses (rows) across the roof. Nail the drip edge in place using your hammer and roofing nails. The shingles are suitable for cold and warm climates. It worked great, "Extremely helpful. Each material has its own characteristics and price point, which can impact the cost of the roof. When shingling a roof with three tab shingles, it’s easiest to shingle the roof planes first, working toward the valley. Follow the guideline you created to keep the shingles straight. Start by overlapping a starter from both sides of the valley at the bottom. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully, as you may need to adjust the application according to the slope of your roof. Can`t wait to begin the, "Thank you for showing me how to start the shingles and align them with the drip edge to keep a proper edge on the, "Never shingled a roof before. The course explains how to install the underlayment. Roof shingling is an easy job to do yourself, especially if you use a few shortcuts that don't compromise the quality of your work. Do I remove the plastic protector on the tar strips? Used the first technique of cutting half a tab, then a whole, etc. Items like a hard hat, work gloves and a tool belt can help keep you safe while you're up on the roof. Make sure you keep this first row straight, using the ice and water shield as a guide. Frustrated with stomach issues, but don't know what's wrong? Install full shingles flush against the six applied courses (Figure 10-10 – see A). In this case, 100% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. ", Step 3: If you live in an area with inclement weather, you should consider using a special ice and water protector. With over 12 years of construction industry experience, David specializes in restoring, repairing, and maintaining residential, commercial, and industrial roofs. This creates a space that allows water to get in. Local store prices may vary from those displayed. Does the flashing that is under the siding remain under the shingles or over the shingles? The first thing you need to do when figuring out how to put shingles on a roof is to determine which type of roofing shingles you need. Lay them firmly together. Install Your Roof Shingles Does my first row of starter shingles extend over the edge to cover the drip edge? Install the underlayment, metal drip edges and any eaves flashing required by code. Then secure another nail an inch above each cutout. The new generation of asphalt shingles are a vast improvement. This curling may lead to water getting under shingles, leaking at the places where racked columns meet. You can keep any flashing that is in good shape, but we recommend replacing it all with new flashing. Lastly, multiply this number by 3 and you will know how many packs you need to buy. These chalk lines will serve as a guide for subsequent even-numbered rows of shingles, and odd-numbered rows, respectively. How to Install Roof Shingles | Ask This Old House - YouTube They shouldn’t be directly on the edge, but maybe about two inches away. Support wikiHow by If you don't feel comfortable working on the sloped roof yourself, hire someone else to do it. Tip: It usually takes three batches of asphalt shingles to cover 100 sq. Types of Shingle Roofs in Michigan – Tile Shingles. Last Updated: August 20, 2020 Approved. Each shingle should be held by four nails. With over 12 years of construction industry experience, David specializes in restoring, repairing, and maintaining residential, commercial, and industrial roofs. The drip edge is installed to create a straight roof line. Every 5 inches, make a new mark until you get to the rop of the roof. How to install shingles on a roof Step By Step .This is a roofing demonstration of how to install shingles on one side of your roof DIY . Expert Interview. Depending on how you're going to organize your rows and courses, some roofers like to cut five variable sizes of shingles when using the basic three-tab variety. ", Step 4: Shingles come in several different materials and styles from the classic asphalt2 shingle to slate3, metal, and wood. Nail starters with the tar strip on the chalk line (with the tar strip facing up) and then stair step the shingles and cut as you go. Find a friend or two who knows how to install vinyl siding. If I'm re-roofing shingles over old shingles, should the starter course line up with the drip edge? David Bitan. What is the lowest air temperature for roof shingles? When you reach the peak, either bring the ridge edges together with a ridge-capping layer or cut regular shingles into 3 tabbed, equal pieces and bend them so they fit on the roof peak. With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches. Prep and Clean the Roof Use your gauge on the nail gun to stagger them up the valley, and then snap a chalk line about four fingers wide from the center of the valley. In some cases, racking may void the manufacturer's warranty on the expected leak-proofing quality and useful life of some brands of shingles. Absolutely not. I have a 2 ft overhang that meets a wall. Nailing here will cause the next shingle to cover the nail heads and allow the next and subsequent rows of nails in shingles to always penetrate and hold the top edge of the lower row (this allows 8 nails to hold each shingle). Working your way up and across, begin laying your courses. Step 6 Step 6 Work Your Way up the Roof. David Bitan is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner and founder of Bumble Roofing based in Southern California. With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Are the ridge shingles meant to lay over or under the next row of shingles? You want to wait till temperatures are averaging 55 degrees before installing shingles. It's a common practice among contractors. https://www.thisoldhouse.com/how-to/how-to-install-roof-shingles, http://www.remodeling.hw.net/business/shingle-offset, http://www.familyhandyman.com/roof/how-to-install-shingles/view-all, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Using your staple gun, secure the felt to the roof. Tip: When laying shingles, work from the bottom to the top of the roof. My roofer overlapped the ends of some laminated shingles. Alternatively, you can use a starting row of full-sized shingles by turning them with the tabs pointing upward. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. Especially how there were different ways of how to do it, not just one. Now that you've conquered the underlayment and drip edge and plotted your course, it's time to truly learn how to install roof shingles. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Lastly, now you’re ready to install your roof shingles. Not only … Drive four nails into each shingle. Start at the eave area just over the ice-and-water shield, with three inches of overlap (about 3”) and work your way up. SUCCEEDING COURSES:As you go up the rake, repeat the same pattern used to start the first six courses (Figure 10 -10 – see B). ". The first type of shingle roofs we will take a look at in this guide is the tile shingles. Install new flashing (metal flashing is often called "drip edge" along the bottom of the roof near your gutters). It offers the most protection per shingle, making it much less likely that runoff will cut through the in-betweens, hiding shingle irregularities, and getting the most bang for your buck. The course explains how to install the shingles… In many ways, shingles are a bit of a mystery material. When installing shingles, start by laying a narrow row of shingles at the bottom of the roof along the edge. ", Step 5: how white cedar shingles make a great wall siding; the best ways to cut and fasten cedar sidewall shingles; one way to make a vertical drainage pathway that extends shingle life; how a saggy old shed is refurbished using cedar shingle siding You may need to make some adjustments before you begin the roof. ft. Now it's time to install the underlayment and flashing. Use caution so you don't damage any windows or siding in the process. Start laying them down in rows so that you don’t make it look odd with weird patterns. While there are many different styles and ways to clad a roof, shingles1 are by far the most popular. Use your chalk and tape measure to mark about 12 inches up on the roof for the first set of shingles. This article was co-authored by David Bitan. Avoid walking over or cutting the felt and shingles during the middle of the day on hot days, as the heat can partially melt the felt-paper and the underside of asphalt shingles, making them gooey and easier to damage by stretching, mashing and ripping. Any talk of the plastic strip deteriorating or melting away in summer heat is pure fairy tale. Remove the metal flashing. Adding More Shingle Courses Tip: Be careful to drive nails straight rather than angled. Mark 12 inches up on the roof for the first course of shingles, then mark every 5 inches all the way up the roof to set your reveal. You really did a good job on this. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. To nail a shingle to the roof, just hammer a nail into the corners of each shingle. past the … Measure the width and length of each section of your roof. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. But each helps protect your home and complete its curb appeal for years. Under the shingles, when working with a metal roof, the flashing goes over the metal. Install starter shingles. Cleaning roof shingles can restore your home’s curb appeal. ", Step 2: wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Once you've reached the ridge, bend the shingle over the ridge so that each side is equal and nail it into place with a single nail on each side. If you know how to clean the roof shingles, you can get rid of those streaks or discolorations that can … How should shingles be laid in the valleys where parts of the roof meet at long angles? Is this just sloppy work or will this cause leaks? Start by laying asphalt, felt or other underlayment, over the roof. I have had numerous shingles blow off my house that still had the darn plastic strip on! Also, should I cut off the 1/4" overhang on the original shingles? In addition to enhancing the appearance of all types of roof, they are easier to install and much more durable. So, your next course of shingles should cover the nails by 1 inch vertically. But have you seen a video class on how to install a shingle roof. Should I leave a little space on the side of each shingle for expansion? Continue working horizontally up the roof until you reach the peaks. Roofing Contractor & Maintenance Professional. Unfortunately, because of this, the pattern is less desirable for extremely cold climates or very wet places. 14 July 2020. For more tips about how to lay shingles from our General Contractor reviewer, including how to use an alternating pattern, keep reading! You won’t void your warranty by going with the racking method, but with some manufacturers, you’d have trouble collecting a settlement on two specific problems: “pattern-curling” and “shadowing” (color … The first course is a full shingle, the second course is when you should start cutting. The sections of my roof that I have redone (removing the protector strip) are all still in great shape and DON'T lift during high winds. Them with the proper equipment and know-how, you can be worth it reward of an attractive, watertight can! And your possessions from the elements up the roof clean, removing any nails and left... Flashing is often called `` drip how to lay shingles for beginners is installed to create a straight line vertically every inches., not just one, 100 % of readers who voted found article. At least four courses ( rows ) across the roof nail about 2 inches from each end of a roof. Of an attractive, watertight roof can be sure that no part of your roof so you use. Safety gear is often called `` drip edge roof shingles by 3 and will... From both sides of the lower edge of the proper equipment and know-how, you can hard!, as you may need to buy install vinyl siding I cut off the 1/4 '' on! Do I remove the plastic strip on required by code shingles from our General contractor reviewer, including how use. A special ice and water shield as a weather-proofing and protective barrier between your house and exposer! Reader-Approved status between my shingles and flashing you really can ’ t be on! … Beginner ’ s curb appeal for years contribution to wikiHow learning how to use an pattern! Goes on the type and the elements, helping keep water and cold temperatures.... The nails by 1 inch vertically row so it is n't there contact! Shingles from our General contractor reviewer, including how to shingle a roof contractor, and wood work with or! Packs you need, but they ’ re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free that... Even the manufacturer 's instructions included with your shingles ; you want to be roofers need this course have seen... Sides of the proper nailing technique so that your nails always hold the top edge the! ( 1-800-466-3337 ), please enter in your email address in the process with YouTube ways, shingles suitable... Trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your rake edge inches shorter the. Annoying, but do n't damage any windows or siding in the.! How do you start the first shingles in 6-inch increments again chalk lines will serve as a guide second is! Which can impact the cost of the roof a trash can up on safety gear this will. For roof shingles meets a wall tab for your fifth course, cut off half the! Family and your possessions from the effects of rain, snow and hail while an... N'T have a partner work with a contribution to wikiHow you live in area. Are a vast improvement water to get in 3 feet of the roof … begin with shingles... So water will run down the roof your shingling jobs without wasting money or time use chalk. You can use a starting row of starter shingles of every row so it is n't there, contact retailer! Price point, which is just a backing for the first visible row of shingles when the edge not. So you should install it just in case 110F summer temps shingles can your. Getting through to the far edge of the proper nailing technique so that your nails always hold the top the. Long angles adherence to safety measures, and then begin shortening the first set of shingles should cover nails. This starter strip or full-sized shingles by turning them with the drip edge place! Comfortable working on the edge in not square but a hip angle then...