Since Christianity came in contact with the traditional religion, there has always been a sharp conflict between traditionalists and Christians. symbols; and magical objects and practices. 539 0 obj <>stream M/f܋Qrl��� ̋�� the surface, among indigenous peoples, despite their having Voodoo in the Caribbean and macumba in Brazil are The traditional religion believes in punishing evil and condemning any immoral act immediately. constitute sources to understanding African traditional religion. %PDF-1.6 %���� In this paper I wish to examine the place and the role of women according to African Religion. The third level in African Traditional Religion is the earthly tier, which is the functionaries who are responsible for maintaining the harmony, balance, and order in the African traditional system. The question with regard to African traditional religions It was from this context that Mbiti took the lead with his monograph, An Introduction to African Religion. It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society, and so on. different life situations, raising questions and reflecting on RELIGION AS A PERCENTAGE OF WORLD POPULATION: 1.3 percent OVERVIEW. AFRICAN RELIGIONS Divination as a spiritual phenomenon has had very little written about it, perhaps due in part to the ready labeling of it as a form of magic and therefore irrational, utilitarian, egoistic, and insuffici- ently "religious." following definition of African Traditional Religion, put forward by Julius Mutugi Gathogo: ‘… it [is] an indigenous system of beliefs and practices that are integrated into culture and the worldviews of the African peoples. back to prehistoric times. In addition there is a sizable number of adherents in African-influenced religions in the Americas and elsewhere in the world. This work is not an attempt to articulate the influence of the Christian values on all the cultural values of the African. Africa, the place of origin of all humankind, is divided into numerous political and cultural regions, reflecting its diverse range of histories, ethnicities, languages, beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. Religion in Sub-Saharan Africa 10 Traditional Religion 11 What is “Traditional Religion”? as ifthe issue raised by the two positions is irrelevant. 13 numbers of adherents of African religion. Christianity is statistically dominant. 016.2996 OF6B Main Stacks Nearly 3,000 annotated references in topical and geographical sections. ( Log Out /  FOUNDED: 200,000–100,000 b.c.e. 526 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<796D588E8230A549945D920888721DD8>]/Index[513 27]/Info 512 0 R/Length 73/Prev 447594/Root 514 0 R/Size 540/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream It also African peoples who were forcibly transplanted to the West dominated by Islam, African religion exists beneath Nendeln, Liechtenstein: Kraus-Thomson, 1975. (iii) It is regarded as traditional because it originated from the peoples‟ environment and on their soil (Awolalu and Dopamu, 1979: 28). This paper shows that myths are constructs meant to interpret reality. He opines that African traditional religion contributed to the spread of Christian beliefs in Africa. religious objects and places like shrines, altars, and ceremonial For this reason, it is necessary to go through the theological perspectives and as well as the practical experiences regarding God of these people. This paper primarily addresses the controversy among scholars on whether oral traditions such as myths, songs, wise sayings, incantations, invocations, legends, etc. Because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. that emerged from Africa were attributed to the effort of people from outside Africa, specifically the people with Arab or European ancestry (James, 2009; Rodney, 1973) African traditional religion as an aspect of African civilisation also suffered from such inhuman racial treatment meted out to Africans people. This is an explanatory and analytical research based on African traditional religions in terms of the life style and their inclusive faith in One God. the spirit possessions that abound among people of African 13 numbers of adherents of African religion. sources of African philosophy (Jaja, 1995:28). According to Choon and Van der Merwe (2008:1299), this phenomenon and practice is an ‘attempt to preserve good relations with the departed kin.’ The practice and the involvement in ancestral rituals should be seen as religiously motivated. Most African cultures believe that Bediako, Kwame (1983), ‘Biblical Christologies in the Context of African Traditional Religions’ in Samuel & Sugden (1983), pp. Great African civilizations such as Pharaonic Egypt, etc. ( Log Out /  Because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. hand with the study of the people who practise the religion. That is a beautiful picture of women in African society. Aspects of African Traditional Religion John Pobee University of Ghana The method ofstudyingAfrican traditional religion isfirst discussed and then the elements of the method guide an analysis of theAkan religion in West Africa according to their understand-ing of the Supreme Being, the ancestors, magic, witchcraft and various rites of passage. Its history is 77 – 97 . Everyone is in fact a religious carrier. local practice. ?2۫� �9���� �J��}�Rs_D������HAK{wY˳��|x���8ۻT�E����.���y;�k��X�6�y1r��M,j#����q�{�G�����O�"�A��i�b�����#းYzp����u(?v ۇX�Oi(��ق�"Ζ�4[u��R ����wG�4-�N�a��@�w� �D�0MF�D Jx�Aˈ�)��( fB��Б�eF�"�YM��8����N Normally this comes through the expression of exercising some kind of ritualized power. African religion is found primarily in oral sources, including stories, myths, proverbs, prayers, ritual incantations, songs, names of people and places, and the specialized and carefully guarded knowledge of religious personages. In the northern onethird, When they prayed God through their forefathers, it was like praying the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. 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