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It is commonly used as a condiment, particularly in the Asian and African countries. Turmeric is a plant that is regularly and commonly used in households, not only as a spice but also for medicinal purposes. People in Burma refer to turmeric with name fanwin. cic, circular scar of branch; ct, cortex; en, endodermis; l.s., leaf scar; s, stele; v.b., vascular bundle. Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. Its rhizomes (underground stems) are the source of a bright yellow spice and dye. It is a plant that has aroused more interest in … Turmeric is widely grown both as a kitchen spice and for its medicinal uses. It has a long history that links it to Vedic Culture in India. (Reproduced from Wallis). Fig. It is sold as an herbal supplement, cosmetics ingredient, food flavoring, and food coloring. There are 7 to 12 leaves, the leaf sheaths forms the pseudo stem. 65: Turmeric A, finger turmeric; 8, bulb turmeric; C, t.s. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Origin and Distribution Turmeric is the boiled, dried, cleaned and polished rhizomes of Curcuma longa. Internally the drug is uniformly dull brownish yellow in colour with a waxy appearance. Turmeric s botanical name is Curcuma longa. It combats the problem of Feverishness. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Curcuma longa. The transversely cut surface shows a paler or darker endodermal ring separating the stele from the cortex, in both of which numerous fibrovascular bundles remain scattered. Turmeric is mostly found in tropical areas, and it has a different name in different regions and cultures. The outer surface is deep yellowish brown in colour, longitudinally wrinkled and marked with transverse rings of scars of scale leaves. Turmeric also has a great importance as a medicinal plant. The lamina is green above and pale green below and has a length of 30-40 cm and width 8-12 cm. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Curcuma longa L. – common turmeric Subordinate Taxa. , in Bosnian, it is kurkuma, in Catalan, it goes closer to scientific name and is called Curcuma. Seeds are produced in capsules … Turmeric s botanical name is Curcuma longa. and Curcuma longa Linn. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Apart from having a variety of names, Turmeric can be categorized into different categories, as well. Turmeric consists of the boiled and dried whole or split and unpeeled rhizome of Curcuma domestica Val. Inflorescence is a central spike of 10-15 cm length. Botanical Name: Western – Curcuma longa. On the basis of duration of crop, turmeric can be classified into 3 main categories: Long duration types (9 Months) has Tekurpet, Duggirala, Armur and Mydukuru variety of Turmeric, Medium Duration types (8 Months) has Kothapet, Krishna and Kesar variety of Turmeric  and Short Duration types (7 Months) has Amalapuram and Dindigram varieties. It is commonly used in Asian food. besaar) in Nepali, nghệ in Vietnamese, Kamin in Thai, kunjit in Indonesian, borrie in Afrikaans and. So do let us know in the comments below if some other name knows turmeric in your language, locality or culture! Botanical Name: Curcuma longa Main Constituents: Total Turmerones: 10 - 40% Plant Part: Root Origin: India Processing Method: Steam Distilled Description / Color / Consistency: Pale yellow to orange-yellow liquid. In over 25 languages, Turmeric has a name that straightforward comes from its scientific name. Turmeric is a spice that comes from a plant. In fact, turmeric goes by the name of yellow ginger in some cultures as its knobby rhizome is said to resemble ginger. Its rhizomes have traditionally been used both in food preparation and as a medicine. In Spanish, French, and Italian, the spice is also called Curcuma. The drug is hard and heavy and breaks with a short fracture. Propagation Fresh, plump, juicy looking rhizomes should be selected from raw turmeric sold for food. It has large, lanceolate leaves, dense spikes of tubular flowers and fleshy, tuberous roots. It is a widely cultivated plant throughout the tropics. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Turmeric is derived from Classical Arabic “kurkum”, which means saffron, the clear bright yellow dye. Its botanical name is Curcuma longa. The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. Should your turmeric flower, the flowers are stunning. Turmeric is the boiled, dried, cleaned and polished rhizomes of Curcuma longa. It is used for treatment of … Turmeric plant - Curcuma longa L. (Syn. Turmeric: Scientific Name and Common Names in Different Languages, In over 25 languages, Turmeric has a name that straightforward comes from its scientific name. TURMERIC (BOTANICAL NAME : Curcuma Longa) Turmeric contains wide range of antioxidant, antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal , anticarcinogenic, antimutagenic and anti inflammatory properties. of rhizome. It also contains resin, sugars and starch. Many languages have adopted the version of the scientific name of this herb. Curcuma longa is a member of the Zingiberaceae or ginger family. In Arabic, turmeric is referred to by name, In most African region languages, turmeric is referred to name closer or the same as Englis. Two closely related plants, Curcuma petolata and Curcuma roscoeana, are natives of Cambodia and are grown for their decorative foliage and blossoms. Another feature it shares with ginger is a showy flower (although the showy part is actually a bract, not the true flower), which means an additional use for the plant is as an ornamental. A decoction prepared from its roots is a good herbal treatment for Migraine and Epilepsy. Turmeric occurs in whole forms as fingers and bulbs or in longitudinally split pieces. As early as 3000 BC, the turmeric plants were cultivated by Harappan civilization. Family. It is also cultivated in Nigeria and many other tropical countries. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Portuguese has a slightly different name to Turmeric than all other languages from that region. So let’s look at various names of Turmeric in different languages. Mydukuru type has a higher yield potential than Tekurpet but more inferior in curcumin content. Turmeric is an herbaceous perennial growing to a height of one meter. It should not be used during pregnancy. Ginger family (Zingiberaceae) Useful information about the plant. About 30 flowers are produced in a spike. Turmeric is sterile (does not produce seed, but it does grow vigorously from the rhizomes). In fact, turmeric goes by the name of yellow ginger in some cultures as its knobby rhizome is said to resemble ginger. The ground tissue is made up of parenchymatous cells, which contain masses of gelatinised starch grains. In Korean, it is called. 1-4 flowers are born in axil of the bract opening one at a time. Turmeric originated in India and is now cultivated in most parts of tropical Asia. The paste or cream of the rhizome is applied externally for brightening the colour of the skin. Turmeric should not be confused with Javanese turmeric root (Curcuma zedoaria). It has large, lanceolate leaves, dense spikes of tubular flowers and fleshy, tuberous roots. C. domestica (Turmeric, Haldi [Hindi], Jiang Huang [Chinese]) Curcuma zedoaria (Zedoary) Curcuma amada (Mango-Ginger) Curcuma xanthorrhizia (Curcuma, Japanese Turmeric, Tewon Lawa, Temu Lawak) Cautions Turmeric should not be used if there is a bile duct obstruction. 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