battle of the granicus

Fought in Asia Minor, Granicus was the first major victory of Alexander over the Persians. Written by Donald L. Wasson, published on 20 December 2011 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Spithridates, another Persian commander, raised his own weapon to attack Alexander, but Cleitus the Black attacked him first, severing Spithridates’s arm, saving Alexander’s life. Darius fled from the field, abandoning his mother, wife, and children.…. Alexander quickly ran him through. Omissions? Little of him was known to the Persians and King Darius felt little or no inclination to meet him, believing, instead, his trusted commander, Memnon, and the local governors (or satraps) could handle the young upstart. Alexander the Great in Combatby Warner Brothers (Copyright, fair use). xvii 11.3, 12.1–2). After Granicus there was little resistance against Alexander and his forces. Alexander’s forces numbered 13,000 infantry and 5,000 cavalry. 1) It had steep (and in some places sheer) banks making it hard to climb. The victory left Asia Minor wide open to the Macedonian invasion. As the Macedonian forces neared the river, Parmenion, one of Alexander’s most loyal generals and commander of his left flank, advised Alexander they should wait until morning before attacking. Together with the lack of true leadership - besides Memnon - the battle was lost before it was begun. Although causing considerable damage to the attacking center, the Persian weaponry did not match well against the Macedonians – light javelins versus 15-foot lances. As he was expanding eastward, Alexander would have three major battles with the Persians, and the first was at the crossing of the Granicus River in 334 BC. 300 suits of Persian armor were sent home to Athens to remind the Greeks that Granicus was only one step in the war of revenge against the Persians. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Battle_of_the_Granicus/. Questions or concerns? Warfare is generally understood to be the controlled and systematic... Battle of the Granicus by Charles Le Brun, 1665 CE One unique and problematic situation for the Persians was the positioning of their cavalry on the banks of the Granicus; the Greek mercenary infantry - 5,000 strong - was placed behind them. Battle of the Granicus: Amazon.es: Miller, Frederic P., Vandome, Agnes F., McBrewster, John: Libros en idiomas extranjeros In the meantime, more information about the article and the author can be found by clicking on the author’s name. The Persians responded with a hail of arrows and javelins. The Battle of the Granicus River in May 334 BC was the first of three major battles fought between Alexander the Great and the Persian Empire. The Persian plan to tempt Alexander across the river and kill him in the melee almost succeeded; but the Persian line broke, and Alexander’s victory was complete. The battle on the Granicus [16.1] In the meantime, Darius' captains, having collected large forces, were encamped on the further bank of the river Granicus, and it was necessary to fight, as it were, in the gate of Asia for an entrance into it. The result of the Granicus battle must have reaffirmed the faith placed by the Persian king, Darius III, in Memnon. After the death of his father Phillip II of Macedon (r. 359-336 BCE), Alexander set his sights on the Persian Empire seeking revenge, or so he claimed, for the invasion of his homeland by Darius I and Xerxes during the Persian Wars. The Battle of the Granicus River in May 334 BC was the first of three major battles fought between Alexander the Great and the Persian Empire. His companions rescued him, and the rest of the Macedonian forces succeeded in joining the fight. The Battle of the Granicus River in May 334 BC was the first of three major battles fought between Alexander the Great and the Persian Empire. Fought in Northwestern Asia Minor, near the site of Troy, it was here that Alexander defeated the forces of the Persian satraps of Asia Minor, including a large force of Greek mercenaries led by Memnon of Rhodes. Start studying The Battle of Granicus. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. His army consisted chiefly of Macedonians, but with some allied Greeks. Some believe he wanted to make a point for their taking Persian money while others say it was mostly anger and the near-death experience that provoked him. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Alexander's victory at Granicus shattered the myth of Persian invincibility and launched the persona of Alexander as one of history's great commanders. It allowed Alexander to replenish his empty supply stores and encouraged some key Greek states to rebel against the Persians. In addition, the one weapon unique to the Persians, the scythed chariot, was almost useless on the muddy riverbank. The Persian cavalry could neither move forward because of the river banks nor pull back because of the location of the infantry. As Alexander rose from the waters of the Granicus, he noticed Mithridates, Darius’s son-in-law, riding with a squadron of cavalry - detached from the main Persian forces. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Some historians believe this idea cost the Persians the battle. Map of the Battle of the Granicusby US Military Academy (Public Domain). 495-502 and 271-93 respectively (the joint presentation was unfortunately torn apart and the order of the papers inverted by the editors; Foss, discussing the topography, should be read before Badian, discussing the battle). In addition, the one weapon unique to the Persians, the scythed chariot, was almost useless on the muddy riverbank. 15 Jan 2021. Upon stabilizing rebellious conditions among the various Greek city-states, he crossed the Hellespont and travelled along the northern coast of Anatolia (present-day Turkey) avoiding the mountain ranges of the northern uplands to the site of ancient Troy. Trip to Troy where he honored Homer ’ s mother Olympias Parmenion ’ s mother.!, retreated battle would begin that afternoon but would last barely an hour a north-south battle, however the... 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