Choudhury, A. U. [92] The border between Meghalaya and Bangladesh is about 440 kilometres long, of which some 350 is fenced; but the border is not continuously patrolled and is porous. There were no well-organised councils or durbars among the Garos. •Meghalaya has diverse soil types including red-loamy, laterite, red and yellow soils. Earlier, foreign tourists required special permits to enter the areas that now constitute the state of Meghalaya. ), the most important commercial agricultural crop, covers about 7% of … Disclaimer Irrigation Statistics in Meghalaya for the year 2000-01 & 2001-02 74-75 58. Choudhury, A. U. Agriculture. After this period, the cultivation is moved to another site. In southern Meghalaya, located in Mawsynram, is the Mawjymbuin cave. To begin with the food of Meghalaya, the food crops … [93], Chief Minister Mukul Sangma, in August 2012, called upon Government of India to take corrective measures to stop the illegal immigration of Bangladeshis into the northeast of the country before the situation goes out of hand. Pop. Download ebook. Shillong as the capital of the state has a fashion sense of its own and it is clearly evident with the way people dress up and wear mostly trendy clothes. This is the beautiful 'Lakadong Country' that courses through gently rolling hills, verdant forests, and fields that boast of a variety of crops including the one-of-its-kind Lakadong, the world's best turmeric. Rice is the dominant food grain crop accounting for over 80% of the food grain production in the state. Adjacent to the sandy beach the Phanliang River forms a lake. Meghalaya is basically an agrarian state, in which about 80 per cent of the population depend primarily on agriculture for their livelihood. Dances are performed in Shnong (village), a Raid (group of villages), and a Hima (conglomeration of Raids). 19), University of California Press, North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971, Learn how and when to remove this template message, American Baptist Foreign Missionary Society, Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), The English and Foreign Languages University, University of Science and Technology, Meghalaya, National Institute of Technology, Meghalaya, North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences, North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda and Homeopathy, Regional Institute of Science and Technology, Jaintia Hills Autonomous District Council, "Satya Pal Malik Appointed Meghalaya Governor, to Replace Tathagata Roy", "List of states with Population, Sex Ratio and Literacy Census 2011", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 47th report (July 2008 to June 2010)", "Definition of Meghalaya in English from the Oxford Dictionaries", "Meghalaya | Define Meghalaya at Dictionary.com", "Collapse of civilizations worldwide defines youngest unit of the Geologic Time Scale", "Meghalaya ecstatic after being etched in geological history permanently", "Welcome to the Meghalayan Age a new phase in history", "Newest phase in Earth's history named after Meghalaya rock", "Formal subdivision of the Holocene Series/Epoch", "Neolithic Culture of Northeast India: A Recent Perspective on the Origins of Pottery and Agriculture", "The Assam Reorganisation (Meghalaya) Act, 1969", "Press Releases: Lecture on Emerging Challenges in Mapping", "The Wettest Place On Earth: Indian Town Of Mawsynram Holds Guinness Record For Highest Average Annual Rainfall", "World's largest cave fish discovered in India", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Lofty Himalayas notwithstanding, the tribal people of Nartiang in the Jaintia Hills of Meghalaya truly believe that their scenic little hamlet is the "permanent abode" of Goddess Durga. Nearly 10% of the total geographical area of Meghalaya is under cultivation. The State has a vast potential for developing horticulture due to agro-climatic variations, which offer much scope for cultivation of temperate, sub-tropical and tropical fruits and vegetables. Besides the major food crops of rice and maize, the state is also known for various horticulture crops and fruits. [48], State Highway 5 near Cherapunjee, Meghalaya. A significant portion of the roads in the state is still unpaved. Of the total agricultural land in Meghalaya, 62% is used for food grains, 25% for cash crops, 9% for horticultural crops and the rest 4% is used for raising miscellaneous crops57. You would love to cruise through the region around Raliang in Meghalaya's Jaintia Hills District. A narrow strip of land often called the Siliguri Corridor or the Chicken's Neck, connects the region with the state of West Bengal. Cropping pattern of Meghalaya. Hajongs celebrate both traditional festivals and Hindu festivals. Area, Production and Yield of principal crops in Meghalaya *East Khasi Hills *West Khasi Hills Jaintia Hills. Major traditional festivals include Pusne', Biswe', Kati Gasa, Bastu Puje' and Chor Maga. However, unlike in the past, they no longer practise or observe those festivals except ‘Nûlding Kût.’ The Nûlding Kût ("renewal of life") festival is observed every January, with singing, dancing, and traditional games—after the Priest (Thiampu) pray to Chung Pathian to bless them in every sphere of life. [9] Meghalaya has some of the thickest primary forests in the country and therefore constitutes one of the most important ecotourism circuits in India. Irrigation Statistics in Meghalaya for the year 2002-2003 & 2003-2004 76-77 59. [103][104] Shift farming is a practice that is not unique to northeastern Indian states such as Meghalaya, but the issue is found throughout southeast Asia. Temperate vegetables include cabbage, cauliflower, tomato, peas, … Local folks of Meghalaya mostly use two types of farming practices, the shifting cultivation, and the terrace or bun cultivation. The main crop of Meghalaya is rice. Meghalaya has a total geographical area of 22,429 sq. [86] The Double-Decker root bridge, along with several others, is found in the village of Nongriat, which is tourist friendly. I bring you this story based on our first-hand experience of working with farmers of Meghalaya. The visit gave us an insight on the farming methods and the variety of crops grown here. Meghalaya is an Indian state and located in north-eastern part of India. The important crops of the state are potato, rice, maize, pineapple, banana etc. [84] The Airports Authority of India (AAI) is developing the airport for operation of ATR 42/ATR 72 type of aircraft. [citation needed] The hot springs at Jakrem near Mawsynram are believed to have curative and medicinal properties. These crops are cultivated, traded and consumed locally. Meghalaya, with an average annual rainfall of 1,150 cm, receives the highest amount of rainfall in the country. The state offers several trekking routes, some of which also afford an opportunity to encounter rare animals. State Crop Season From To Period; GUJARAT : Rice/Paddy: Kharif: May (Mid) July (Mid) Sowing: Kharif: January (Beg) November (Beg) Vol 6, 2000. It lies to the south of the capital Shillong. Shifting cultivation involves the clearing of forest areas to grow agricultural crops for a short period of time, ranging from over 1 to 10 years. km. The farmers may or may not return to the old site after the fertility of the soil has recovered. 53–56. Though Meghalaya may not be able to compete with the other parts of the country in terms of production, it can rival any in terms of agrobiodiversity, i.e., the variety and variability of animals, plants and micro-organisms that are used directly or indirectly for food and agriculture, including crops, livestock, forestry and fisheries. Agriculture The food crops of meghalaya are rice and maize. Umaim lake (top) and scenery near Shillong. The titular deities are invoked on many occasions in Meghalaya, such as birth, illness marriage, death, harvesting of crops, welfare of the community, protection from danger, etc. Meghalaya produces a variety of agricultural crops such as food grains, commercial crops, horticultural crops, etc. A group of women worker working at the potato field. Directorate of Agriculture, Meghalaya came into existence in the year 1882 as the department of agriculture, Assam and later renamed as the department of agriculture, Meghalaya on January 21st 1972, when Meghalaya became a full fledged State. More News. Over 80% of the population depends on agriculture but struggle to market their produce. Irrigation is especially required in places where the soil has low water holding capacity, and in undulating terrains. Thus, management of soil conditions is vital! It also safeguards the soil against the depletion by natural or anthropogenic activities. The Department of Agriculture, Meghalaya has been functioning as an integrated entity comprising the various spheres of development in Agriculture, Horticulture and Minor Irrigation. It is practised according to the agro-climatic condition of the areas. [82] Guwahati (103 kilometres (64 mi) from Shillong) is the nearest major railway station connecting the north-east region with the rest of the country through a broad gauge track network. Farmers abandon the land to let it recuperate and after a period of 2 to 20 years they come back to the same location. By 2004, total road length has reached up to 9,350 km out of which 5,857 km were surfaced. Timber-trees that provides shade such as, Aquilaria agallocha and Alnus nepalensis, along with climbers such as Piper betel Linn. 'Mawphor': It is one of the daily newspaper circulating in Jowai, Meghalaya. There is also an exclusive niche market for Lakadong Turmeric. To name a few: Weekly Employment Newsletter which is distributed throughout the state: Clockwise from top:Noakalikai Falls, Tawny Breasted Wren, Dawki River, Khrangsuri waterfall, Meghalaya's forests host 660 species of birds. Crop Cutting Experiment in Meghalaya from 1999-2000 to … [95] The world's average annual death rate from intentional violence, in recent years, has been 7.9 per 100,000 people. Dawki, which is located at about 96 Kilometres from Shillong is the gateway to Bangladesh and affords a scenic view of some of the tallest mountain ranges in Meghalaya and the Bangladesh borderlands. , you must check out the turmeric twist honey from Zizira that is sourced from the pristine lands of Meghalaya and brought directly to you. 57. Meghalaya has three factors conducive for the development of horticulture – a large extent of land suitable only for horticultural crops, diversity in agro-climatic factors making a variety of fruits, spices and plantation crops feasible and established tradition of growing horticultural crops making further expansion easy.Net area sown is only 2.83 lakh hectares forming 12.7 [90] The Nokrek National Park, also in Garo Hills has its own charm with a lot of wildlife.[91]. Meghalaya is an upland area formed by a detached block of the Deccan plateau. August 18, 2017 The island is formed by the bifurcation of Kynshi River into the Phanliang River and the Namliang River. It is vital to identify and utilize such indigenous knowledge from our elderly folks, which will help bridge the gap between modern science and age-old practices. Meghalaya—alaya (“abode”) and megha (“of the clouds”)—occupies a mountainous plateau of great scenic beauty. [97], The state has had 23 state governments since its inception in 1972, with a median life span of fewer than 18 months. While the capital Shillong is relatively well connected, road connectivity in most other parts is relatively poor. Meghalaya farmers are bringing back the ancient crop Lang Pyrtuh is a staunch supporter of millet cultivation. [75][76], The practice of creating Living root bridges can be found in Meghalaya. Indian Agriculture. Other important food grain crops are maize, wheat, other cereals and pulses. Above are in Jaintia Hills. Soil management or conservation in farming aims to sustain the productivity and production of crops. McDuie-Ra, Duncan (19 January 2007). 81% of the state's population depends on agriculture. DOI: 10.31014/aior.1991.01.02.20. [83] Air India Regional operates flights to Kolkata from this airport. Meghalaya is a landlocked state with many small settlements in remote areas. Discovering the Potential of Agriculture in Meghalaya. [96] The terror-related deaths are from conflicts primarily between different tribal groups and against migrants from Bangladesh. Sign In Register-A A +A A A हिन्दी - Times of India", https://thenortheasttoday.com/archive/hindu-population-comes-down-in-meghalaya/, "Department of Tourism Government of Meghalaya -About Meghalaya", "The English & Foreign Languages University, Shillong Campus – Shillong Campus", "Home Page | Meghalaya Government Portal", "See 3rd table set for 2012 in Table 162, Number and Percentage of Population Below Poverty Line", "IIM Shillong Ranked 21st Among Management Institutes", "The Living-Root Bridge: The Symbol Of Benevolence", "Why is Meghalaya's Botanical Architecture Disappearing? Thus, preventing erosion and maintaining a balanced water holding capacity within the slopes. It's located about 25 kilometres from Shillong. is a major non-timber forest produce of Meghalaya, commonly used for irrigation, construction, pulp manufacture and for artisan work. He then shared this knowledge with others, and named the different months of the year, each of which is a stage of shifting cultivation. Meghalaya News. Along with political resolution and dialogue, various Christian organisations have taken the initiative to prevent violence and help the process of discussion between groups. It has been featured by travel magazine Discover India. It is the third largest State in the North East in terms of geographical area. [citation needed] Dozens of political and civic groups have demanded that this migration be stopped or controlled to manageable levels. Meghalaya covers an area of approximately 22,430 square kilometres, with a length to breadth ratio of about 3:1. "Enhancing Rural Public Health Capacity in Northeast India". To begin with the food of Meghalaya, the food crops … The locals are already acquainted with these methods of farming and they know the ecological balance it restores. 0 Comments, January 02, 2021 (2010) Nokrek national park – an IBA in Meghalaya. The State has vast natural resources of coal, limestone, kaolin, granite etc. Potato (Solanum tuberosum Linn. (2003) "Meghalaya's vanishing wilderness". •English is the official language of Meghalaya. Details about various crops sown and harvested such as soyaben, maize, paddy, … It is for preserving and restoring the lands. Maize, queen of cereals is the second most important food crop of Meghalaya after rice occupies about 18000 ha area (8% of total area) with an average yield of 2150 kg/ha. Here, I would like to talk about the traditional farming methods practised in Meghalaya. The road is the only means of transport. Meghalaya's turmeric, grown in Jaintia hills, is considered best in the world. Nowadays, honey is being collected in artificial boxes also, instead of hives on trees. Area 8,660 square miles (22,429 square km). Only three governments have survived more than three years. It is the third largest State in the North East in terms of geographical area. The main crop of Meghalaya is rice. 0 Comments. These traditional farming methods are properly adapted to the environmental conditions of Meghalaya. MEGHALAYA. However, the restrictions were removed in 1955. Get information about crop calendar by Department of Agriculture of Meghalaya. There are several clashes between Khasi people and Bangladeshi Muslims in Meghalaya. Meghalaya also offers many adventure tourism opportunities in the form of mountaineering, rock climbing, trekking, and hiking, caving (spelunking) and water sports. It is used in culinary, flavourant in beverages, confectionery, pickles and pharmaceutical preparations. The important crops of the state are potato, rice, maize, pineapple, banana etc. Choudhury, A.U. The service sector of the state comprises of insurance companies and real estate. Farmers also practise the method of tree-based farming practice, where the crops are grown together with trees such as alder, areca nut, coconut, bamboo, and Khasi pine. The State has vast natural resources of coal, limestone, kaolin, granite etc. for different occasion. Here are two types of traditional irrigation methods widely practised in Meghalaya: Traditional tree-based plantation practices have been long used by the native folks of Meghalaya. However on attaining statehood it was bifurcated and renamed as the Department of Agriculture, Meghalaya. Rhizomes and tuber crops are intercropped in this plantation practice. Rice is the dominant food grain crop accounting for over 80% of the food grain production in the state. CMF Description. Meghalaya is also connected to Silchar in Assam, Aizawl in Mizoram, and Agartala in Tripura through national highways. However, Meghalaya is still far below the national average of 75 km per 100 km2. The influx of Bangladeshi people is stated to be an effort to escape violence, to escape poverty or to escape religious persecution of Hindus in an overwhelmingly Islamic Bangladesh. The last state assembly elections were held in 2013, after a five-year government that was elected in 2008. In: Journal of Social and Political Sciences, Vol.1, No.2, 297-305. Pudoh. The folks of Meghalaya believe and practice traditional methods of cultivation. Meghalaya has a railhead at Mendipathar and regular train service connecting Mendipathar in Meghalaya and Guwahati in Assam, has started on 30 November 2014. Intercropping involves cultivation of pepper, ginger, maize and turmeric along with these trees. Perched atop a hillock is the more than 600-year old and ancient Durgabari - a simple house made of stones and wood complete with tin roofing. The popular cash crops, which are traditionally cultivated, include turmeric, ginger, blackpepper, arecanut, Betelvina, tapioca, short staple cotton, jute and mesta, mustard and rapeseed. The mandate of the department is to bring about increased crop production and productivity. Traditional agricultural system has proven to increase the soil fertility through the decomposition of plant materials that have been left in the soil. in This primitive method of cultivation has been used for thousands of years. Here, functional, living, architecture is created by slowly training the aerial roots of the Ficus elastica tree. The journey takes from 3 to 4 hours. Revered as one of the 51 Shakti Peethas, the temple has been drawing a large number of pilgrims from all over the country on occasion of Durga Puja. Contents maintained and updated by Department of Agriculture, Government of Meghalaya. Krem Liat Prah is the longest cave, and Synrang Pamiang is the deepest cave. They are small or large areas of forests or natural vegetation that are usually dedicated to local folk deities or tree spirits or some religious symbolism over many generations, often since ancient times. Areca nut and coconut are considered commercially vital for the economy of Meghalaya. and Piper nigrum are cultivated together in tea plantation areas. Meghalaya has a road network of around 7,633 km, out of which 3,691 km is black-topped and the remaining 3942 km is gravelled. Glover, Ian C. (1985), Some Problem Relating to the Domestication of Rice in Asia, In Recent Advances in Indo-Pacific Prehistory (Misra, VN. Cropping pattern of Meghalaya. This guardianship creates a sacred area where nature and wildlife thrive. [89] The village is geared for tourism and has a Living Root Bridges, hiking trails and rock formations. Here, we aim to (1) analyze agricultural land-use change on the Meghalaya Plateau and (2) explore whether, and to Besides the major food crop of rice and maize, Meghalaya is renowned for its oranges (Khasi Mandarian), pineapple, banana, jackfruits, temperate fruits like plum, pears and peaches, etc. SNAITANG, R. (2009), Christianity and Change among the Hill Tribes of Northeast India, Christianity and Change in Northeast India (Editors: Subba et al. Details about various crops sown and harvested such as soyaben, maize, paddy, mustard, etc. The Umiam Lake (popularly known as Bara Pani meaning Big water) on the Guwahati-Shillong road is a major tourism attraction for tourist. The river then moves along and before reaching a deep gorge, forms a waterfall about 60 meters high called Shadthum Fall. (1996) "Red panda in Garo Hills". Many private buses and taxi operators carry passengers from Guwahati to Shillong. (2006) "The distribution and status of hoolock gibbon, Hoolock hoolock, in Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland in Northeast India". Very similar to the Pumaloi type of rice preparation, Pudoh is also a dish made from boiled, … 0 Comments, January 06, 2021 Get information about crop calendar by Department of Agriculture of Meghalaya. Indian Agriculture. 10 Fruits, plantation and cash crops are a significant source of income for Meghalaya. Bun or terrace cultivation is practised widely in slopes and valleys and in Meghalaya. But, due to its adverse ecological effect on forested areas, it is now only practised in a few communities of Meghalaya. This plantation method is practiced in various areas of the state. [19] It is culturally engrained through folklores. Meghalaya is predominantly an agrarian state where majority of population live in rural areas. These types of soils support a variety of agricultural crops. [85] Other nearby airports are in Assam, with Borjhar, Guwahati airport (IATA: GAU), about 124 kilometres (77 mi) from Shillong. Not many of these have however been developed or promoted adequately for major tourist destinations. Skip to main content. But what we didn’t know is that we have such fruit in our very own backyard, in India’s northeastern state, Arunachal Pradesh. Meghalaya is also known for its "sacred groves". When the crop yields begin to decrease after a few years, the farmers move to a new patch of forest area and repeat the same process. Examples of these structures can be found as far west as the valley east of Mawsynram,[77] and as far east as the East Jaintia Hills District,[78] meaning that they are made by both Khasis and Jaintias. Meghalaya Festival Calendar: Related Links Classifieds Education: Last Updated on : 21 July 2018: Information. This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 05:49. Nongkhnum Island located in the West Khasi Hills district is the biggest river island in Meghalaya and the second biggest in Asia. It involves various traditional and symbiotic tree plantation methods of timber trees and other cash crops. *Meghalaya agriculture map showing different commercial crops cultivating areas. Farming methods such as shifting cultivation and terrace (bun) agriculture are the two popular ones. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Do you know of any ingenious traditional farming methods in India that farmers of Meghalaya can use? Millions of Bangladeshis have poured into India as Indian economy has prospered. 10. [102] Jhum farming is a threat not only for natural biodiversity, it is also a low yield unproductive method of agriculture. Another folktale is from the Garo Hills of Meghalaya where a man named Bone-Neripa-Jane-Nitepa harvested rice and millet from a patch of land he cleared and cultivated near the rock named misi-Kokdok. Meghalaya is amongst the highest rainfall areas in the world with an annual average rainfall of 11,000 mm during the period of 1980-91, ... thus causing immense damage to crops. king issues. According to legend, from the 13th century, this Shivalinga (called Hatakeswarat) has existed in the Jaintia Hills under the reign of Ranee Singa. Khasi, Pnar and Garo are the other principal languages. Irrigation Statistics in Meghalaya for the year 2004-2005 78 60. Read the story of farmer Bah Khonji who lets nature do the composting. Baljek Airport near Tura became operational in 2008. Shifting cultivation is practised widely in the hilly regions of Meghalaya. In fact, rice is the staple food of the people of Meghalaya. Day and night bus services are available from Shillong to all major towns of Meghalaya and also other capitals and important towns of Assam and the northeastern states. Crop Cutting Experiment in Meghalaya from 1999-2000 to 2006-07 79-82 ALL INDIA ESTIMATES 61. One legend states the god of wind with the god of hail and storm shook off seeds from the celestial tree, which were picked up and sown by a bird known as do' amik. The population numbered 2,175,000. [94], Between 2006 and 2013, between 0 and 28 civilians have died per year in Meghalaya (or about 0 to 1 per 100,000 people), which the state authorities have classified as terror-related intentional violence. You will also learn how farmers harvest crops in Meghalaya in such a way that it improves the fertility of the soil, and the traditional storage rooms are made in such a way that they are pest resistant. Trees such as the Khasi pine (Pinus kesiya Royle) are widely planted in dry and exposed lands. The Mawphlang sacred forest, also known as "Law Lyngdoh," is one of the most famous sacred forests in Meghalaya. These were the seeds of rice. The rice is stored primarily for consumption and for seeding purpose. 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Pulp manufacture and for seeding purpose agriculture sector for livelihood adjacent to the culture of people Meghalaya... Been practised by traditional farmers from generation to generation state of Meghalaya or meat.! Meghalaya mostly use two types of farming and they know the ecological balance it restores and! Government of Meghalaya as of 2016 is estimated to be 3,211,474 of north-east India nut and coconut are considered vital! `` India 's northeast: rejuvenating a conflict-riven economy '', Faultines is being collected artificial! The air quality through atmospheric interactions and stores and purifies the water is! ] over recent years, there has been shaped by nature into a.. Practice in Meghalaya, the practice of creating Living root bridges are applied! Constitute the state has vast natural resources of coal, limestone, kaolin granite! Nongriat, Meghalaya state Centre of agro-climatic conditions supports an astonishing variety of flora and fauna plant growth, nutrients... In most other parts is relatively well connected, road connectivity in most parts... Soil fertility through the decomposition of plant materials that have been several weeklies and Dailies that come. State where majority of population live in rural areas variety of floras faunas.

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