Seasonal changes in semen characteristics - Volume 64 Issue 1 - … The fine white wool is of Merino character, with an evenly distributed fiber diameter of 24-30 microns. German Mutton Merino sheep - There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). Both rams and ewes are polled. In South Africa, the German name was translated into Afrikaans as Duitse Vleis Merino and then into English as "German Mutton Merino". Die Dohne Merino ist ein synthetisches, Mehrzweck-Merino von der südafrikanischen Department of Agriculture mit Peppin Stil Merino Mutterschafe und deutschen Mutton Merino Vererber entwickelt. About 40% of the German sheep are of the Merinolandschaf breed. Body and chest are deep and broad, with a long and muscular back. Originally known as the German Mutton Merino, the first ten ewes and rams were imported to South Africa from Germany in 1932 by the department of Agriculture for a breeding program. Please provide a description of this breed as well The medium-sized frame is broad and deep with well developed meat shapes. German Mutton Merino (Merinofleischschaf) There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). The breed was developed from the German Merinofleischschaf sheep imported into South Africa from Europe in 1932, for improving the quality of wool and meat from sheep in South Africa. This category has the following 6 subcategories, out of 6 total. NOTE: The form can also be used for Comments, Suggestions, and Corrections. rnrnrnrnThere are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merinornlandsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschafrn(Merino longwool sheep). Merino is an excellent forager and very adaptable. The South African breed was recognised as separate in 1971 when the name was changed to South African Mutton Merino. Developed from a small nucleus of German Merino sheep, it has adapted to most environmental conditions of South Africa. Weight gain performance of 323 purebred progenies from 16 German Mutton Merino rams was evaluated by using Harvey's LSML, sire model. The newly named South African Mutton Merino (SAMM) was recognized in 1971 after decades of breeding for better wool quality and conformation. South African Mutton Merino . Performance of the Dorper and Mutton Merino breeds and their crosses was assessed from 1,305 ewe and 1,453 lamb records from six lambing seasons. Visscher (1978) in the Netherlands crossed the Ile de France with Finn sheep and found that the Ile de France × Finn genotype gave fewer lambs reared than the Finn × He de France (2.21 and 2.54, respectively). The newly named South African Mutton Merino (SAMM) was recognized in 1971 after decades of breeding for better wool quality and conformation. The … Assessed parameters were: initial weight, fattening weight, average final weight, average total lifetime weight gain (g/day) during the suckling and the fattening period. The Merinolangwollschaf was developed around 1977 in the former East Germany, to produce long cross-bred wool with a fiber diameter of 30-34 microns. Here, we focused on detecting candidate genes associated with the increasing of the litter size in this breeds under recent artificial selection to improve the efficiency of mutton production. German Merino German Mutton Merino German Whiteheaded Mutton Gotland Greyface Dartmoor Growmark Gulf Coast Native Gute : H Hampshire Han Hebridean Heidschnucke Herdwick Hill Radnor Hog Island Hu : I Icelandic Ile de France Imroz INRA 401 : J Jacob Jezersko-Solcava : K Kamieniec Karakul Katahdin Kelso Kerry Hill Kivircik : L Lacaune Landschaf Leicester Longwool Leine Limousine Lincoln … It is a pretty new breed and was actually developed in the late 1930s. Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. After July–August and October–November lambings, 90–95% of the Finn × GMM crosses renewed postpartum sexual activity within 90 and 75 days, respectively. Dohne Merino Society of South Africa. The breed was started in the late 1930s by the South African Department of Agriculture. Seasonal changes in the fructolytic and respiratory rate of spermatozoa - Volume 64 Issue 1 - D. Amir, A. Genizi, R. Volcani The Dohne Merino sheep was developed by interbreeding Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino rams. The aim was a fast-growing animal producing a regular, faultless wool (A/B) and combining light nutritional requirements with a good fattening qualities. The Dohne Merino is a dual purpose breed providing meat and fine wool. Originally known as the German Mutton Merino, the first 10 ewes and 1 ram were imported to South Africa from Germany in 1932 for an Agricultural Department breeding program.. The Dohne Merino is a dual purpose breed providing meat and fine wool. Project initiated April, 1994 - Initial web site opened February 22, 1995. The Merino is an economically influential breed of sheep prized for its wool. Germany in 1932. There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). The mean daily basal metabolic rate of the Awassi was 57.4 kcal/kg075, … There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). READ MORE Contact Details Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. Fig. The Dohne Merino is a dual purpose merino developed by the South Africa Department of Agriculture using Peppin-Based Merino ewes and German Mutton sires. In 1932 the South Africans first imported the genetics and commenced applying selection pressure to improve wool quality and conformation. It was developed by interbreeding Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino rams. By a variety of different statistical tests the French Mutton, German Mutton and New Zealand Merino populations could be differentiated from each other and the Iberian Merinos, indicating that microsatellites are able to track relatively recent changes in the population structure of sheep breeds. Through breeding and selection, this breed is now considered uniquely South African. Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. In 1974, the South African Breed Society changed the name to the South African Mutton Merino. The Merino is regarded as a predominantly wool-type breed, whereas dual-purpose breeds are bred for wool and meat. Here, we focused on detecting candidate genes associated with the increasing of the litter size in this breeds under recent artificial selection to improve the efficiency of mutton production. In the German Democratic Republic, Gutsch (1979) obtained 203 percent average litter size and 4.4lambs/ewe/year from crosses off the German Mutton Merino with East Friesian × Finn rams. 6). There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf ( Merino longwool sheep). The results of the present study show that the Finn German Mutton Merino ewes have a long sexual season, a short postpartum anoestrous period after summer and autumn lambings in 90--95% of the ewes, an acceptable conception rate after hormone treatment in the anoestrous season, and an average of two lambs per lambing. Bamei mutton sheep is a Chinese domestic sheep breed developed by crossing German Mutton Merino sheep and indigenous Mongolian sheep for meat production. What are the characteristics of Kıvırcık Sheep? The German Mutton Merino sheep, which are char- acterized by their hardiness, high fecundity and rapid growth, have been introduced into China as a meat sire breed to improve the growth performance and carcass traits of indigenous Chinese sheep. Reasonator; PetScan; Scholia; Statistics; OpenStreetMap; Locator tool; Search depicted; Subcategories. 1938 – The Dohne was developed in South Africa with an initial one off cross between the Peppin-type Merino and the German Mutton Merino. History. By using French mutton Merino type (Précoce Merino) and British Leicester types, the former combing wool sheep was converted to a mutton wool and finally to the German Merino Mutton sheep (Fig. Non- seasonal breeding cycle (3 breedings in 2 years), high fecundity, and good mothering instincts make the Merinofleischschaf a good choice for intense milk-lamb production. The Merinofleischschaf is at home east of the Elbe river, spreading all the way to the Ural Mountains. The Dohne Merinos were initially developed to be a hardy woolled sheep that are easy care with high reproductivity and growth rate under harsh sourveld Eastern Cape conditions. Only 40% of the November lambing purebred GMM ewes started new cycles within 105 days postpartum. animal-science-mail-form Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. All rights reserved. The Dohne Merino is a breed of domestic sheep from South Africa. 6). The origin of the Dormer from a cross between Dorset Horn rams with German Merino ewes (presently known as the S A Mutton Merino) was a direct consequence of a series of extensive slaughter lamb experiments carried out at the Elsenburg Research Station of the Department of Agriculture since 1927 over a period of more than ten years. mesic German Mutton Merino (GMM) ewe lambs. The breed was started in the late 1930s by the South African Department of Agriculture. The Deutsche Fleisch Merino is a common meat sheep in Germany, Austria, and Poland. The German Mutton Merino sheep, which are char- acterized by their hardiness, high fecundity and rapid growth, have been introduced into China as a meat sire breed to improve the growth performance and carcass traits of indigenous Chinese sheep. Deutsche Fliesch Merino is a common meat sheep of Germany, Austria, and Poland. Breed characteristics: especially suited for paddocking on intensive sites ; very high results in daily gain, in weight and best meat quality ; robust ; early maturing and high prolific seasonal breeding; A medium to large mutton sheep with white, medium wide, free of wool head and a flat but not too broad forehead. Information on adding new breeds or updating existing information. The initial cross between German Mutton Merino rams and Merino ewes in 1939 were used to develop the breed by means of strict scientific selection procedures to its current status of an internationally commended dual purpose breed. Read more: Merino Sheep. German Mutton Merino There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). Deutsche Fliesch Merino is a common meat sheep of Germany, Austria, and Poland. Over the past 80 years the breed has caused a major revolution in wool sheep farming in South Africa. It is suited for intense production in arid or in agricultural areas. Measurements were made under laboratory conditions between 20 and 40 C Ta and at a relative humidity of 30%. Furthermore, farmers are encouraged to upgrade their commercial flocks to stud status by using registered Mutton Merino rams. The SA Mutton Merino is a polled breed with the rams having mature masses of 100-110 kg (~220-245 lbs) and the ewes having mature masses of 70-80 kg (~155-175 lbs). It is highly resistant, and easily adapts to any climate and keeping conditions. In the German Democratic Republic, Gutsch (1979) obtained 203 percent average litter size and 4.4lambs/ewe/year from crosses off the German Mutton Merino with East Friesian × Finn rams. Calculated hereditary values were higher than in other publications. This large sheep produces both meat and good quality medium to strong wool of 21 - 23 micron. Kivircik is a medium-sized breed. The Dohne Merino is a dual purpose breed providing meat and fine wool. However, the nutritional requirements of German Mutton Me- rino crossbred sheep reared under the ecological con- ditions in China have not … Head is medium broad with the typical wool tuft on top. The Dohne Merino is a breed of domestic sheep from South Africa. In this study we examined male lambs of three breeds (Hungarian Merino, German Mutton Merino, German Blackheaded Mutton) during an intensive fattening with complete feed mixture. Distribution: Europe. Copyright © 1995-2015 Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. It is also called Dohne or El Dohne Merino. The South African Mutton Merino was developed from a small nucleus of German Mutton Merino sheep in South Africa and is considered a dual-purpose breed. Non- seasonal breeding cycle (3 breedings in 2 years), high fecundity, and good mothering instincts make the Merinofleischschaf a good choice for intense milk-lamb production. We analysed lamb growth, fattening results and parameters of meat turnout and quality based on slaughterhouse data.According to our research the weaning weight of meat type lambs significanty differed from the … They are highly resistant and easily adapts tornany climate and keeping conditions. 144 male German Mutton Merino (GMM) lambs with different proportions of Booroola (B) inheritance were studied 1995 and 1997. German Texel. Most wool sheep flocks improved substantially with this infusion of genes. Seasonal fluctuations in the sexual activity of Awassi, German Mutton Merino, Corriedale, Border-Leicester and Dorset Horn rams:II. Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). The lambing rate (%) in Hungarian Merino varied between 1.5 and 1.7, while it was between 1.6 and 1.8 in German Mutton Merino. German Mutton Merino; Merinolandschaf; Merinolangwollschaf; Authority control Q651765 GND ID: 4204129-6 Library of Congress authority ID: sh85083839 BNCF Thesaurus ID: 47024. Rams and ewes are polled. The invention discloses a German mutton merino sheep myostatin gene single nucleotide polymorphism site and relates to a detecting method of German mutton merino sheep myostatin gene extron 1 single nucleotide mutation. The … Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science. Ewes produce an average of … document.write('animal-science-mail-form'); Merino Lamb is genetically lean, succulent, rich in flavour, low in kilojoules and rich in protein, iron and vitamins. Sheep at Livestock Of America - Find Sheep for sale at Livestock Of America - Farm Classifieds! The Dohne Merino is a synthetic dual-purpose Merino developed using Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino sires. Breed category: dual-purpose / The Dormer, a white wool mutton breed, was developed by crossbreeding Dorset Horn rams with German Merino ewes. There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and arernsimilar in meat yield, they went through a different historical andrngenealogical development. The colour of the Kivircik is white (Belka Kivircik). In 1927, a project started at the Elsenburg research station in Stellenbosch with the aim of producing a mutton breed with rams suitable for crossbreeding, and slaughter lambs that could grow out rapidly and economically in the cold, wet winter rainfall areas of South Africa. The Merinofleischschaf is at home east of the Elbe river, spreading all the way to the Ural Mountains. WHY MERINO MUTTON AND LAMB? In South Africa, the name was translated as Duits Vleis Merinoand then into English as German Mutton Merino. The breed produces good-quality wool with an average fibre diameter of 21 to 23 microns. Dormer (Cloete & Olivier, 2010). It is also known as SAMM or South African Mutton Merino sheep. Weight:  Old rams         120- 140 kg Yearling rams    90- 120 kg Ewes                 70  - 80 kg Yearling sheep   60   -65 kg. Mongolia sheep (n = 272) and German mutton merino (n = 560), age from 1 to 3 years, were raised in Silin-guole pasture region of Inner Mongolia, northern China, between 1999 and 2000. By 1971 the South African influence was recognised with the breeds uniqueness changing the name to the South African Mutton Merino. Both breeds remained thermostable. In a group of purebred German Mutton Merino (GMM) ewes the sexual season extended from June to January. It wa developed by interbreeding Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino rams. MONGOLIA SHEEP AND GERMAN MUTTON MERINO L. Zhang Department of Animal Science, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, 010018 Huhhot, China INTRODUCTION Disease resistance is a major component of the economic efficiency of mutton sheep production. Van Rooy Sheep Breeders Association In 1906 Senator J. C. van Rooy, of the farm Koppieskraal in the Bethulie district, started his experiments to propagate a breed of sheep for slaughter lamb production. Originally known as the German Mutton Merino, the first sheep were imported from Germany in 1932 by the South African Department of Agriculture for a breeding programme. Measurements were made under laboratory conditions between 20 and 40 C Ta and at a relative humidity of 30%. 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